On December 17, 1975, the first Congress of the Communist Party of Cuba (PCC) opened at the Karl Marx Theater. This was the beginning of the institutionalization process in Cuba.
Quinquenio Gris, 2015 (Gray five-year period)
The decade of the 1970s started in Cuba with the fervor generated by the official challenge to get a 10 million ton sugar harvest that year - a last attempt by the Cuban people and government to achieve economic and political sovereignty. On 19 May 1970, Fidel had to admit to the failure of this undertaking, signaling the end of an era and the beginning of the Sovietization of the Cuban model. The period that followed became known as the “Gray Five-year Period” (1970-1975). There was a policy of intolerance established. Soviet systems were copied as models to follow, in the military, in management and in the administration: Cuba revolved around the economic machinery of the USSR. The First Congress of the Cuban Communist Party (1975) agreed on drafting a Socialist Constitution. Five moments, five scale models made of cardboard and lead, reconstruct a period of dogmatism and bureaucracy.